Amazon Lily, namely so most commonly referred to as eucharis, cultivated in botanical gardens since the early 19th century. This is a lukovichnoe perennial plant, birthplace of tropical South and Central America, but over time this plant quite well adapted to growing in the home. Now Amazon Lily already so firmly established in homemade flower growing that even some signs. For example, it is considered to be the female guard eucharis happiness, which protects the family from misfortunes. According to Feng Shui it neutralizes energy Sha (unfavorable) and restores the beneficial qi. It is believed that Amazon lily is especially beneficial affects children, opens them new abilities, developing they have perseverance and desire for knowledge.to content↑
Amazon Lily: description and variants
If you just look at the photo, it was surprising how in one flower can so harmoniously and naturally combine grandeur and elegance. The leaves are dark green, widely oval-shaped, beautifully-curved, large (width can reach up to 16, long up to 30 cm, total length together with cuttings, can be up to 55 cm). At the same time the plant can have from 2 to 4 leaves, the exception is extremely rare. Peduncle is long, leafless, there are big (from 7 to 12 cm in diameter) white or slightly bluish 3-10 flowers, something resembling a narcissus, scented with a pleasant aroma. Long flowering lasts 20-30 days. At home, observing the proper care, eucharis can flower 2-3 times a year, a healthy plant with a large bulb can throw immediately 2 flowering. Onion-shaped, large, up to 6 cm in diameter.
the most widely three kinds of plants:
- eucharis grandiflora — large (up to 10 cm in diameter), white flowers have a strong scent, so in the child’s room it is better not to. The stalk is not more than 6 flowers
- eucharis white-this species has more flowers on a stem, and flowers are different petals that bend up
- eucharis Sander-here whose flowers are most similar to the Lily so this is it, they have distinct crowns, as the previous two species.
Particularly care at home
at home flower will feel comfortable at temperatures within 22-25° c, in winter the temperature should not fall below 16-18° c. 10° c is critical for the flower, where the plant begins to exfoliate. If the temperature does not rise, then begins to rot the bulb.
the Council! one of the main enemies of jeuharisa-draughts, they may be the reason why no flowers. Bad plant shifts and changes in temperature that can cause crushing of the flower.
in a natural Wednesday eucharis refers to plants of the rainforest understorey, so he’ll need a diffused light, although he feels good enough and in shaded areas , comfortable enough — and under artificial light. However, the lack of light bloom may not occur, and the plant will be at rest. At home he will suit not only East, but even Northern window. The main thing is to avoid direct sunlight on the leaves, it might just burn them.to content↑
Fertilizer spend exclusively during active growth plant and its flowering-2 times a month using liquid fertilizer with a low nitrogen content for indoor flowering plants. When feeding, you can alternate between organic and mineral fertilizers, after the end of flowering plants, with a transition period of rest, stop fertilizing.to content↑
Eucharis transplanted rarely once every 3-4 years when the pot turns out to be almost “stuffed” bulbs. For transplantation need to narrow a high pot, not very spacious-it’s one of the reasons why the plant does not throw flower stalks. Amazon Lily will bloom only in close to her potted bulbs, otherwise the bulb will just increase the “babies”, filling the space. Obligatory condition-good drainage. Ground in house conditions it is possible to prepare yourself by mixing flat earth, big river sand and peat at a ratio of 3:1: 1. Transplanting bulbs deepen in Primer on the 4-5 cm, while the roots need to carefully straighten (Photo 1). Bulb is tight asleep land that does not remain in the air.to content↑
Duplicated eucharis can both seeds and bulbs (children), while the latter is the main at home. While it is not a typical “brick” — Unlike other plants that can be reproduced by young spikes and even dividing the “maternal” bulbs, eucharis divide so that in the new delenkah had 4-5 bulbils. In this case, less damage to roots, root delenki themselves better, but the main thing is rapidly increasing young onions and filling pot, new delenki may bloom next year after transplantation. When seed reproduction, under the most favourable conditions, flowering can occur no sooner than the 5-th year after sowing.to content↑
the plant watered as topsoil will dry up in the summer approximately twice a week in the dormant period is significantly less. Violation of the water regime is over-watering, wetlands soils or stagnant water, the main reasons why the flower begins to “moping, yellowing leaves, they appear brown spots, rots the bulb.
like any other native of the tropics, eucharis likes high humidity of air, at home you can achieve this by regularly using a distance leaves sprinkling water at room temperature. Especially the plant needs this winter, when the air in our homes, because of the work of the central heating system, too peresushen. Effect can be enhanced if the pot set in a tray of wet pebbles. In addition, periodically, approximately every month, leaves should be cleaned (washed) with a damp sponge (cloth). Spraying cease with the beginning of the emergence of flowering and the formation of the colors, as trapped on them drops can cause brown spots.to content↑
period of rest
in the home can be achieved 2-3 jeuharisa bloom twice a year, but to get him to do it, it is very important to correctly arrange the flower resting State. It is important to bear in mind that unlike amarillisa his transition to the idle state is not accompanied by the death of leaves-they remain attractive and decorative, simply plant moves to another State.
a dormant period begins immediately after the end of flowering and can last 1-2 months. After you remove peduncles, stop fertilizing, reducing watering. An indication that the plant there were forces and ready to move into an active phase of emergence of small bulbs-offspring. Then resume watering and fertilizing. You can move the plant to a cooler and less lighted place, although this is not required.
the Council! if the plant has not blossomed before, it will require a kind of “shock therapy” is a plant can tolerate in a cool shaded place, do not feed and watered only after full drying earthen coma. After such a meltdown begins to bloom in the spring necessarily eucharis.
diseases and pests
Eucharis quite resistant to pests and diseases, which appear as a consequence of the fact that violated the conditions of care. Of the diseases most often manifests itself gray mold (Photo 2), which appears as a result of increased humidity (excessive watering) and low temperature. First of all, we must reduce watering, light plant infection can be treated with a solution of Bordeaux mixture mixture or special means against gray rot. In case of strong contamination sheet worth a delete, and the plant itself handle med’soderzhashhimi drugs (oksihom, kuproksat, copper sulphate).
From plant pests often suffers from Web shhitovkami mites, and thrips (Photo 3). Pests afflict usually most succulent leaves, colony thrips in subtle ways, as long as they do not become smaller, so you should regularly inspect the listvovuju plate. To combat the plant you want to handle systemic insecticides.