Boxwood is one of the most ancient ornamental shrubs, which is used in the a landscape design to landscaping and creating hedges. This tree is an Evergreen plant, so even winter pleases its owner immaculate views.to content↑
kinds of boxwood and their distinctive characteristics
Boxwood has around 30 species weed which grow in the Mediterranean and parts of Asia. Each type has a set of unique features that differentiate it from other varieties: the intensity of growth, distribution, color crust, shape and colouring of leaves. In horticulture in 95% cases meets boxwood or ordinary (Buxus sempervirens). As regards growing plants, then kadochnyh here the most suitable options are Chinese dwarf varieties.
boxwood — in natural conditions distributed in the countries of the Mediterranean and the Caucasus. Feels good, as in partial shade and Sun. If you do not carry out pruning, can reach up to 3 meters in height.
Boxwood parvifolia -in contrast to its previous relative, this dwarf shrub is less sensitive to winter cold. He is a descendant of South Asian families and able to withstand Frost without shelter in 30 degrees. Appreciated for its compact form and decorative crowns.
Boxwood Balearic is the largest species of the family, its leaves reach up to 5 cm in length. Birthplace of Habitat are considered to the Balearic Islands of Spain. It is widespread in the mountains of southern Spain, Portugal and the Crimean coast.to content↑
Planting a box does not require any special skills and knowledge in the field of horticulture. For transplanting plants older than 3 years of age is appropriate any time of the year, starting in early spring and ending in the late autumn. Younger plants are better planted in the autumn season.
when choosing seedlings, try to only buy container options. Pay attention to the color of the leaves and shoots, they should be Green and lush. Yellow spots on leaves suggest that plant will soon perish.
the planting is best done on a cloudy day. On the prepared plot involves holes a little wider and deeper than the root ball. You can navigate to the dimensions of the container containing the plant. In the case of landing a few trees to form hedges or kerb, vykapyvaetsja a wide and deep moat.
to the bottom of trenches need to pour the compost layer height 10-15 cm and using a fork to mix it with the Earth. Preparing planting, make sure that the roots have been stretched out and not sticking out to the sides.
after Bush filled up land around the barrel shaped deepening water accumulation. The plant must be carefully drizzle.
the Council! to the roots of the plants were not dry before planting, soak them in water for approximately 24 hours
in horticulture, boxwood propagated exclusively by cuttings which are planted directly on the bed. The best time for planting-spring. To achieve a good result can also fall subject to landing samshitovyh trees per month before the onset of cold weather. This is necessary in order to give the opportunity to settle and plants prepare for winter.
Planted cuttings in loose, humus-rich soil. On average, about 80% of the plants take root successfully, but the first time it is better to cover with trees or banks. With regular watering rooting occurs in 25-30 days.
the Council! to grow in a very short period of tall trees, choose cuttings length from 20 cm .
how to care for box
Although Bush is not too demanding in care still, there are some subtleties that will help you grow on your site a nice hedge.
- the temperature and humidity
Boxwood does not tolerate frost. At a temperature of -20 degrees plant can die if you do not take the necessary steps to shelter trees. At the end of the autumn, before the first snow, Bush wrapped burlap or other material able to protect Bush from wind and direct sunlight in frosty weather. To protect trees from damage weather conditions, it is better to put them in the poluzatenennyh field and choose Frost tolerant varieties.
the Council! in no event it is impossible to hide a box with cellophane. This creates excess moisture, resulting in the plant dies.
in contrast to the kadochnyh plants, which need to be watered daily, trees need watering only in summer. The rest of the year need for moisture replenishing its deposition. During long dry weather boxwood abundantly watered every 4 weeks.
from time to time it is necessary to arrange plant short showers which will wash away from the built-up dust and leaf will have a beneficial impact on the rooting of seedlings. Don’t forget, spud as often as possible.
light boxwood are not too demanding. It carries the shadow and existence next to other trees. But direct sunlight it better keep away, creating an artificial shadow and, thus, protecting the leaves of the plant from burns.
the Earth, where the shrub should be nutritious and fertile. Feeding organic fertilizers begins from the moment when the plant thoroughly ingrained. Spring in perekopannuju soil are made complex fertilizers, which contains nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. In autumn you must feed the shrub bezazotnymi fertilizers-superphosphate and potassium salt.
as top dressing boxwood, cut is made in the second year after planting, when wood finally got settled. This is done once a month during the most active growth shrubs-from May to August.
using the secateurs and other special equipment plants give the desired geometric shape. After a month the shape is adjusted by removing the protruding branches.
the Council! the more often you mow samshitovyh trees, the better must be watered and fertilize. This helps compensate for the loss of nutrients and protect the plant from losing leaves.
- disease and treatment
in spite of the fact that the leaves of boxwood contained toxic and hazardous to human health components, it does not protect it from hitting all sorts of pests.
most often, Bush is suffering from samshitovoj midges and spider mites. These pests are laying on shoots plants her eggs. After a certain time of them appear larvae that penetrate into the leaf tissue and damage them. Resist these pests by using cleaning fallen leaves and regular trimming. Chemical treatment is carried out from mid May to mid June.
another well-known pest — fungus Volutella buxi . It damages the plant and causes dieback of the shoots. In combat it effective processing of fungicides and pruning of diseased shoots.
Irregular watering and fertilizing quality contribute to the development of diseases of boxwood as well as colouring the edges of leaves in yellow color. To avoid this, it is necessary to create favorable conditions for the growth of shrubs. Timely fertilizer trees can help avoid significant damage.