the task of how to care for roses in the fall is to undertake work aimed at preparing the plants for the winter, which include clearing of weeds and garbage, fertilizing, pruning bushes and shelter for the winter. Rose planting (or replanting) is also one of the important points of these works. And then spring plants will thank you handsomely.
Roses in autumn: fertilizing, weeding, painting of trunks
with the onset of September reduce watering cease to care for Bush (crop) and spud-it must suspend development of new roots. At this time the existing root system “matures” to successfully overwinter.
Autumn care roses includes additional fertilizing of plants. Summer, abundant flowering plants have many takes the nutrients, so must fertilzer fill balance, strengthen the twigs and roots. For this purpose use phosphate-potassium fertilizers, which inhibit the growth of Bush, to accelerate the odrevesnenie shoots that will increase the resistance to frost roses. The fertilizers must not contain nitrogen, which provokes the vegetation that obessilit Bush in view of the coming winter.
the Council! when conducting the autumn fertilizing, use granulated fertilizers, they are absorbed gradually, not provoking the growth and their balances will be absorbed in the spring.
the Rosary is necessary for clearing of podsazhennyh between roses and weeds annuals. Roses themselves must prepare to okuchivaniju, completely removing all the leaves at a height of 15-20 cm from the ground. When the barrels are cleaned, only then you can proceed to staining trunks using a special garden paint or razbaviv hlorokisju copper vodojemul’sionku. This will prevent infections inside through the minor damage to the cortex.
indicator that you correctly took care of Roses is no longer appear young shoots (especially zero), and good odrevesneli.to content↑
an important element of caring for roses and their preparation for winter-pruning that should facilitate further their shelter. Half cut hybrid tea, poliantovye and miniature roses, floribunda Roses as well. The third Bush and curly large-flowered varieties. You can crop, not small enough to be just prishhipnut’ their point of growth.
the Council! best cropping on the waning moon.
Ukryvaem roses for winter
winter sun and low temperatures can become dangerous for the rose bushes, especially if winter was snowy. To protect the root system, use earthing-shoots fall asleep dry mixture of sand, peat and Earth. When the barrel must fully cover the floribunda rose and hybrid tea grandiflora hybrid varieties and enough okuchit’ to a height of 25 cm. Earth to earth not worth raking near the site of their growth-it can damage the roots, better bring soil from another location.
the Council! Straw is not the best choice for sheltering, it attracts rodents. To mouse “savoured” your roses, well each hive cover [lapnikom].
Park poliantovymi pochvopokrovnymi and roses a bit simpler-just a little priokuchit’, not sheltering for the winter completely. Do not cut off and climbing roses, they are simply removed from the towers, fleecing leaves and stack on roofing material (lapnik), fall River sand and above again roofing material, is served well by his having fixed. After Snow loss over the Roses good pour a large snow slide.
in the care of shtambovymi roses have to do air-dry shelter using frame tubes, fittings, wooden bars, intermingle their jute bags or sheeting.
the Council! in a very cold winter roses better digging until spring store in the basement.
planting Roses: why in autumn
the most favorable time for planting/transplanting Roses is considered to be the period of the end of September-beginning of October. If you complete all requirements, how to plant a rose, then Bush will have time to take root before the frosts, winter and spring flowering delight. The important thing is to choose the right moment for 2-3 weeks before the last frost, then don’t worry that Rosebush freezes before the taking. In addition, in favor of autumn planting is spoken and a number of other factors:
- air moisture is optimal so well-ingrained seedlings-75-85% While in the spring (April-May), it is significantly lower — about 65%
- the land is good, but the temperature is not so high
- in the autumn rainfall more than in spring
- Spring shrub, without shifting the stress of transplantation begins normally provide nutrients and water
Let’s take a closer look at how to properly plant a rose.to content↑
best for roses suitable for outdoor Sun But while protected from wind plots, so more often for Rosary choose location on a South-facing slope, the spring went easily to meltwater. Roses do not generally tolerate excess moisture, so it is better to choose a place with deep enough (more than 1 m) deposits of groundwater. Failing to provide favorable conditions for root system will have to lift, rosary and arrange good drainage.
the Council! the most undesirable neighbors for roses-pine, they make the soil too acidic.
For roses require loose, fertile, moderately wetted and well secured ground organic fertilizer, while the depth of topsoil should not be less than 40 cm. Otherwise, you will have to prepare the soil for planting yourself-is loamy soil (clay), humus, compost or completely pereprevshij manure (cow, horse, option-chicken manure) and inorganic fertilizers. The mixture should cook for a couple of weeks before planting roses.
the Council! if gathered to plant roses, but the weather turned bad, and categorically the weather forecast promises early frosts, not worth the risk. You can prikopat the seedlings in the greenhouse or cold store basement (the basic condition for storage-area temperature 0° c) to plant them in the spring.
a sure sign of good seedlings at least three well developed, undamaged main escape and lots of fine roots. Seedling with exposed roots before planting it in open ground, it must be soaked in water for 24 hours. Before planting, remove leaves with shoots, as well as a sharp cut off broken them off with secateurs and immature shoots. Above-ground shoots shorten to 30-35 cm, roots trimmed to 25-30 cm, from the train station it is better to cut the roots live (undamaged) wood. For disinfection of seedlings treated with 3% solution iron kuporosa.
the Council! before you plant a rose for best germination, root roses need dipping in talker-mullein and clay mortar (ratio 1:2), which has the consistency of sour cream.
the distance between the bushes
to continue planting could well grow, not shadowing each other, it is important to choose the correct distance between the bushes. “Standard” distance between the Roses-0.7-1 m, but for individual species (Chino-hybrid, poliantovymi and Rosa floribunda) distance may be reduced to 35-60 cm. Dropping off pletushhiesja roses, we have to provide, where and how they will be placed to shelter them in winter, so minimum recommended space between them-1 m.to content↑
when all the preliminary work completed, let’s deal directly, how to plant roses. When fall planting roses planted deeper than they were growing in the nursery-this should save them from «vypiranija» during frosts. When the root neck should be at 5 cm in the ground in such a situation the cultural grade will have additional roots and shoots hips will not be able to fight your way to the top.
the Council! Deeper all you can to plant climbing roses-this is required to ensure that they have more roots.
at the bottom of the pit fill fertile soil. Only after all of the roots will be evenly stretched out in all directions, you can begin to fall asleep on their soil. In this primer should adhere as tightly as possible, to avoid the formation of air voids. Pit with Bush with soil and tamped and well-watered (1-2 buckets of water). That roots do not freeze in winter, at the base of a Bush, you must fill the Hill land height order 20 cm.
how to plant roses the autumn period when it is better to do-look at