Grow subtropical plant-lemon home-based care, which is quite difficult and laborious, our parts are practicing for more than 300 years. And it’s not just the term get coveted fruits rich in vitamin c-fruiting is not so simple. Even a lemon tree in itself is a very decorative, attracts its greenery, abundant flowering, at which the room is filled with a unique flavor. But it is not just decorative — Meyer lemon (as well as other bedroom varieties) are not only durable and sturdy enough, but even the tree in itself highlights the volatile essential oils are very useful for human health.to content↑
Home lemon: choose grade
the main secret of how to grow a lemon at home-find the right variety, which is optimally adapted for growing in precisely the specific room conditions: with changes in temperature and humidity, typical for the different seasons of the year, the lack of illumination, etc. with this necessarily worth considering and geographical features : for the northern regions better suited for grade Urals, for Midland-Maikop and Ural, southern-Genoa, Chinese lemon, Maikop, Lisbon and Novogruzinskij. However, there are some “universal” varieties.to content↑
Panderoza-gibrodnoe plant obtained by crossing of lemon, grapefruit and Citron (pompel’musa). Is a compact, low altitude (up to 1.5 m grow the largest instances) tree or shrub very decorative forms, the plant is very resistant to high temperatures and dry air. The leaves are large (14х8 cm), coarse, oblong or rounded shape, with smooth sheet plate. Panderoza it tolerates clipping, that allows creating a decorative, very compact Crown. For the first time lemon fruits already at the age of 2, and flowering can occur even on a freshly rooted Shanks.
Panderoza Lemon blossoms abundantly the flowers are quite large, white-cream color can appear even on the trunk-at this point the tree resembles a simple festive bouquet. But with abundant bloom ovary-enough little. The fruit is a rounded or pear-shaped, large enough, average weight is 400-500 gr, but can sometimes reach up to 1 kg. The pulp is the sourest, pleasant taste, without the typical citrus taste, with a high content of vitamin c. the rind is rough, very thick, up to 1 cm thick. The 12-year old tree can ripen at the same time 2-3 dozen fruits. Multiply Panderoza sort best cuttings.to content↑
Meyer lemon-indoor hybrid of Orange and lemon. Low (up to 1.5 m) tree, Crown easily formation due to its compactness, this room variety can be grown even in a small space. Plus — Meyer lemon perfectly tolerates dry warm air in the apartment, but good endures and intermittent low temperature. Flowering is profuse, white flowers, with pinkish-purple tinge, very scented, are clusters of 2-6 flower stalk. The ovary is abundant (on adult trees can be up to 120 places), fetal weight ranges from 70 to 150 Gr. Fruit-orange or bright yellow, roundish, pulp is more sweet and juicy than other varieties. Meyer lemon is only suitable for home growing, its fruit bad stores.to content↑
the result of breeding of ordinary gardeners from g. Pavlov, that Gorky region. Feature of sorts-it equally adapted to all latitudes, for him just to care, lemon with some even develops good deficit of solar illumination. Wood is a compact, small, and it can grow up to 20-30. Feature of sorts-a very thin skin and almost total absence of seeds, so reproduction conduct solely by cuttings.to content↑
lemon care at home: the basic requirements
Lemon planted in slabokislyj (in the region of pH 6.0-7.0) or neutral ground , good breathable. You can buy a ready-made (Citrus) soil mixture or prepare yourself by mixing meadow turf, humus, flat land and coarse sand in the ratio of 2:1: 2:1. For young plants the best pot of baked clay, for large adults-tub (box) of oak or softwood. In addition, there is a need to ensure when landing good drainage to avoid stagnant water and waterlogging of the soil.
in spite of subtropical origin, lemon doesn’t like too high temperature optimal temperature for him-18-20° c. abundant flowering and a large ovary occurs when the temperature of about 16-18° c and higher temperatures buds and the ovary are showered. The optimal temperature for wintering is 14-16° c, while maintaining moderate humidity.
an important factor is the growing of citrus fruits to be successful while observing the light regime. And although home lemon and his grades good enough to tolerate a lack of lighting, the best place for him is well lighted place for normal development of the lemon tree requires a 12-hour light day. Fall/winter, therefore, care must be taken about his secondary coverage. When the young plants to better protect from aggressive midday sun, it can burn the young leaves, so a young seedling is better grown on the Eastern (Western) side. And here is the adult lemon House will perfectly feel and on the South side.
the Council! Lemon does not like when changing light direction. Therefore, before moving onto the balcony, spraying or taking the soul of mark on the pot, to then put in the right direction.
Pouring homemade lemon, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of its root system. The thing is that it doesn’t have these root hairs, just at the end of a thin root is thickening of the created threads of soil fungi, called mycorrhiza (gribokoren’). As a result, the symbiotic fungi help suck up water with its minerals and mushrooms obtain nutrients. Normal coexistence equally hampered as the prolonged drought and stagnant water. That’s why watering spend as will dry up earthen com, summer through winter day-much less often. For irrigation use is well settled water (if possible-melt or rain) at room temperature, excess water must be drained.
Lemon at home it is advisable to spray every day, arranging with this once a month “sauna day”. Good isolating earthy com from water, lemon sprinkled with warm water from the shower to wash off the dust, the dust on the leaves, which worsens the process of photosynthesis.to content↑
Normal cultivation and development of lemon directly depends on a regular feeding and fertilizers. While the amount and way of feeding depends on the time of year:
- March-October -active vegetation period, top-dressing spends time in 10-14 days, in turn using liquid organic and mineral fertilizers
- winter -a dormant period, the plant can not fertilize, maximum-1 times per month (if the room temperature is high enough) a small portion.
best for feeding use fertilizers containing the necessary macro-and microelements. Organic fertilizers (bird droppings or humus) recommended use only in summer and only for those plants which pass to the open air.
the Council! for houseplants dung swill can be replaced with “blood water, which remains after washing fresh meat.
Young lemon are transplanted each year in the spring. Mature tree transplant once in 3-4 years, it is necessary to regularly refresh the upper layer of soil, changing it. When handling (transplant), you must save the Earth, so as not to damage the root system-lemon are placed into a new pot, and then add fresh ground. When the pot must be chosen not too large-a free, undeveloped roots land can turn sour, causing illness and death of plant roots.to content↑
Lemon at home is best propagated in two ways :
- inoculation -sharing charge already fruitful plants and grafted it onto the rootstock (1-3 years), grown from seed if its wood on the trunk came enough already. Fruiting occurs in 2-3 year after vaccination
- cuttings -affordable and reliable method of propagation of lemons. For cuttings take well ripened last year’s young shoots of thickness of about 3-4 mm. Their root in the river the wet sand, maintaining a temperature of 22-25° c at high humidity (e.g. sharing cover a glass jar). Fruiting probably already the third year