Garden Light – as a decorative element of landscape design
It’s nice when a house is surrounded by beautiful landscaped garden divided into cozy corners. And if during the day the beauty of the landscape perfectly visible, and in the evening (night) time, the garden should not be immersed in the gloomy darkness. That is why the work with lighting, garden lights right – one of the most important components of the right created landscape design.
Garden lighting are divided into two types of
- functional – provides security of territory and its comfortable use. It includes coverage of travel routes (staircases, paths the entrance to the house), as well as buildings in the area (pergola, porch, summer kitchen, sauna, etc.) and the perimeter of the site.
For functional lighting is characterized by glare Flood (however, it is desirable to equip the lighting dimmer). Street lights are lighting and additional protection – on the one hand, lighted space does not attract unwanted guests, on the other – makes effective work Surveillance System
- decorative lighting – gives the landscape design romance, creating lighting effects and composition, due to the magical play of light and shadow of turning ordinary members (arbors, shrubs, trees, garden furniture water, rocks and boulders, track) to mysterious garden design and unique. It helps to accentuate, emphasize strengths and hide flaws in the twilight.
Street lamps: how to choose and set
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For functional lighting is best to use lights, spotlights or lamps, floor lamps – they allow you to obtain a stable and uniform illumination of living and working of the plot, and the variety of lanterns of different design will easily choose the one that perfectly fit into the overall stylistic concept of the garden.
By function and appearance of decorative street lights for the garden divided into:
- recessed – can be mounted directly into the ground, decorative walkways, gazebos floor or vertical surfaces (stairs, etc.). Traditionally they are installed for the lighting of the marking, and therefore will be quite thin pale lamps which will be simply denoted by the contour path, or used to illuminate the facades of
- poles – may be different (50-150 cm) height, style, shape and color. As a rule, they do not generate a powerful light output, its main purpose – highlighting paths, tracks and individual elements of the landscape (expressive stones, flower beds, shop etc.). The most commonly used in the classical gardens, the design may be as simple classic, austere bar, and take the form of a mushroom, bell, etc.
- bollards – column of light, pulled out of the land used for decorating gardens in the style of minimalism or hi-tech. Usually they have a reflector (reflector), which directs the light beam directly on the track, almost straight down
- torsherny lamp – is a support on which the spherical shape of the lamp, creating a luminous flux is evenly distributed in all directions
- light tables – lamps having a cylindrical shape, they are used to illuminate the bridges, paths or flowerbeds
- floating balls – impervious to water, they will apply to light (illumination) ponds and swimming . Floating on the surface of the glass balls (including – and colored) look very impressive. To illuminate the pools can be used underwater and their analogs, or optical fiber.
In order to create decorative lighting in the garden to achieve the desired effect, get a picturesque lighting must meet several conditions:
- best accent lighting arrange for outstanding elements of the landscape, the landscape or decorative architectural
- to obtain an optical illumination depth, create three different main areas: lighting the foreground should be no clogging, muffled, the average plan darken (exception – emit directional light individual, especially the spectacular elements), the background – filled light evenly and bright enough
- classic style of garden design emphasizes symmetrically arranged illuminated objects
- for the transfer of bright colors and crisp contours illuminated object using the light of the “cold” colors. In addition, the use of cold spectrum allows visually adjust land – cold light visually separates illuminated object (site)
- created a warm light, cozy and soft lighting creates the illusion of a visual approximation of the object
- use asymmetric illumination allows you to get the rhythm of the space and the illusion of movement. In addition, this effect is used to move from one object to another
- crowns of large trees is illuminated by powerful lamps. But to highlight small architectural forms require a more soft, delicate lighting, which will set off the features of the texture and the form element (building)
- when choosing a form of lamp for the garden, it is necessary to give preference to the spherical shape – it is the most natural and closer to the natural forms – drops of water, leaves, etc.
- to prevent the dazzling effect of the lamp in the dark, in the garden lamps used matt spheres made of polycarbonate
Tip! If the garden is filled with garden furniture and decorative flower beds, then it is better to use simple lamps concise forms – lamps with a complex design can “overload” the space. But for a modest plot with a minimum of parts lamp with the original design can be an important part of the composition.
as lamps for street lights can be used in almost all of their types: halogen, incandescent or discharge. But lately, LED street lights have become the most popular.
They are reliable, not heated, have a high efficiency, are not sensitive to temperature, generate perfectly clean, monochromatic light. But most importantly – LED lamps for street lighting consume significantly less compared to other lamps, electricity
Lamps with solar batteries (solar street lights) help significantly reduce lighting costs and garden lighting. First of all, they are completely self-contained – mounted solar panel recharges the built-in battery, which lasts for 8-10 (depending on the model and brightness) of.
In addition, the use of solar energy allows you to completely abandon the cumbersome and costly to install the power supply, thus “solar lights” – the cheapest way to light.
In addition, they also have a number of advantages:
- durability – LED-lamps installed almost burn out, and the battery life – up to 10 years
- mobility – does not require summarizing current lamp can be easily set at a desired location by changing the configuration of the garden lighting at will. However, there are some restrictions on the choice of a location associated with lighting, or solar battery will not charge the battery
- automation – can be mounted on lighting sensor fixing dawn (there is a lamp off and the battery goes into charge mode) and sunset (light is switched on automatically)
- easy to clean – just wipe the lamp enough battery cover and dust from accumulating